Hammertoes pp 399-402 | Cite as

Recurrent Hammertoe Deformity

  • Elena Manning
  • Michael L. Sganga


Hammertoe is a very common lesser toe deformity and accounts for 34% of all foot and ankle conditions in older adults [1]. Classically hammertoe surgery includes resection of the proximal interphalangeal joint [2]. Coughlin and others have shown that either a rigid or fibrous union does not have an effect on clinical outcome [2]. Many different fixation techniques are available ranging from a simple Kirschner wire to a wide variety of implants.


Hammertoe deformity Revision Recurrent Digital deformity Foot injuries Hammertoe syndrome Syndactyly Bone transplantation Allografts 


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    Jay RM, Malay SD, Landsman AS, Nathan J, Huish J, Younger M. Dual-component intramedullary implant versus Kirschner wire for proximal interphalangeal joint fusion: a randomized controlled clinical trial. J Foot Ankle Surg. 2016;55(4):697.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Klammer G, Baumann G, Moor BK, Farshad M, Espinosa N. Early complications and recurrence rates after Kirschner wire transfixion in lesser toe surgery: a prospective randomized study. Foot Ankle Int. 2012;33(2):105–12.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Kramer WC, Parman M, Marks RM. Hammertoe correction with k-wire fixation. Foot Ankle Int. 2015;36(5):494–502.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Solan MC, Davies MS. Revision surgery of the lesser toes. Foot Ankle Clin. 2011;16(4):621–45.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elena Manning
    • 1
  • Michael L. Sganga
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Surgery, Division of PodiatryMount Auburn HospitalCambridgeUSA
  2. 2.Orthopedics New EnglandNatickUSA

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