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Epidemiology of Autism Spectrum Disorders

  • Alison Presmanes Hill
  • Katharine Zuckerman
  • Eric FombonneEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

In this chapter, we review existing prevalence estimates for autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) since 2000 and discuss methodological factors impacting the estimation of prevalence and the interpretation of changes in prevalence estimates over time. Possible explanations for an increase in the prevalence of ASD within and across populations are considered. Increases in ASD diagnostic rates cannot currently be attributed to a true increase in the incidence of ASD due to multiple confounding factors. It remains to be seen how changes to diagnostic criteria introduced in the DSM-5 will impact estimates of ASD prevalence going forward.

Keywords

Epidemiology Prevalence Autism 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alison Presmanes Hill
    • 1
  • Katharine Zuckerman
    • 2
  • Eric Fombonne
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Research Department of PediatricsOregon Health & Science UniversityPortlandUSA
  2. 2.Division of General PediatricsOregon Health & Science UniversityPortlandUSA
  3. 3.Department of Psychiatry, Autism ResearchInstitute for Development & Disability, Oregon Health & Science UniversityPortlandUSA

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