An Experimental Analysis of Saliency Detection with Respect to Three Saliency Levels

  • Antonino Furnari
  • Giovanni Maria Farinella
  • Sebastiano Battiato
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 8927)


Saliency detection is a useful tool for video-based, real-time Computer Vision applications. It allows to select which locations of the scene are the most relevant and has been used in a number of related assistive technologies such as life-logging, memory augmentation and object detection for the visually impaired, as well as to study autism and the Parkinson’s disease. Many works focusing on different aspects of saliency have been proposed in the literature, defining saliency in different ways depending on the task. In this paper we perform an experimental analysis focusing on three levels where saliency is defined in different ways, namely visual attention modelling, salient object detection and salient object segmentation. We review the main evaluation datasets specifying the level of saliency which they best describe. Through the experiments we show that the performances of the saliency algorithms depend on the level with respect to which they are evaluated and on the nature of the stimuli used for the benchmark. Moreover, we show that the eye fixation maps can be effectively used to perform salient object detection and segmentation, which suggests that pre-attentive bottom-up information can be still exploited to improve high level tasks such as salient object detection. Finally, we show that benchmarking a saliency detection algorithm with respect to a single dataset/saliency level, can lead to erroneous results and conclude that many datasets/saliency levels should be considered in the evaluations.


Saliency detection Visual attention modelling Salient object detection Salient object segmention Saliency levels Datasets for saliency evaluation 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Antonino Furnari
    • 1
  • Giovanni Maria Farinella
    • 1
  • Sebastiano Battiato
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Mathematics and Computer ScienceUniversity of CataniaCataniaItaly

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