Leisure Activities and Quality of Life Among Older Adults in Spain

  • Raul Lardies-Bosque
  • Gloria Fernandez-MayoralasEmail author
  • Fermina Rojo-Perez
  • Maria João Forjaz
  • Pablo Martinez-Martin
  • José-Manuel Rojo-Abuin
  • on behalf of Spanish Research Group on Quality of Life and Ageing
Part of the Social Indicators Research Series book series (SINS, volume 57)


Leisure and free time has been rated by older individuals as one of the five most important dimensions for their quality of life. In this chapter, and in the context of active ageing, we analyse the differences in carrying out leisure activities and social participation among older adults in Spain, according to their sociodemographic and residential characteristics, and their objective conditions in the most relevant areas for their quality of life. A survey on conditions and quality of life to 1,106 people aged 60 and over living in community dwelling was carried out. Cluster analysis was used to classify people into four basic types of leisure activities. Multinomial logistic regression produced an explanatory model of the different activity and type of leisure profiles, based on sociodemographic and residential differences, health conditions and functional capacity, family and social contacts, and the economic resources of this population group.


Leisure activities Activity profile Living conditions Quality of life Community-dwelling older adults Spain 



This study was supported by the Ministry of Science and Innovation R + D + i National Plan, Refs.: SEJ 2006-15122-C02-01 and SEJ 2006-15122-C02-02.

The following members of the Spanish Research Group on Quality of Life and Ageing are also acknowledged: Gloria Fernández-Mayoralas, Fermina Rojo-Pérez and Karim Ahmed-Mohamed at the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC); M. João Forjaz, Carmen Rodríguez-Blázquez and Alba Ayala at the Institute of Health Carlos III; Pablo Martínez-Martín, Belén Frades-Payo, Beatriz León-Salas and Marina Ávila at the Research Unit, CIEN Foundation, Institute of Health Carlos III, Alzheimer Center Reina Sofia Foundation; Raúl Lardiés-Bosque at the University of Zaragoza; María Eugenia Prieto-Flores at UNED-Open University; and Salomé Martín-García and Iluminada Martínez-López at EULEN Socio-sanitary services.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Raul Lardies-Bosque
    • 1
  • Gloria Fernandez-Mayoralas
    • 2
    Email author
  • Fermina Rojo-Perez
    • 2
  • Maria João Forjaz
    • 3
  • Pablo Martinez-Martin
    • 4
  • José-Manuel Rojo-Abuin
    • 5
  • on behalf of Spanish Research Group on Quality of Life and Ageing
  1. 1.Department of Geography, Environmental Sciences InstituteUniversity of ZaragozaZaragozaSpain
  2. 2.Institute of Economics, Geography and Demography (IEGD), Centre for Human and Social Sciences (CCHS)Spanish National Research Council (CSIC)MadridSpain
  3. 3.National School of Public Health and Consortium for Biomedical Research in Neurodegenerative Diseases (CIBERNED)Carlos III Institute of HealthMadridSpain
  4. 4.National Center of Epidemiology and Consortium for Biomedical Research in Neurodegenerative Diseases (CIBERNED)Carlos III Institute of HealthMadridSpain
  5. 5.Statistical Analysis Unit (UAE), Centre for Human and Social Sciences (CCHS)Spanish National Research Council (CSIC)MadridSpain

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