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Clinical Examination

  • Alexander J. Lampley
  • Christopher E. Gross
  • Mitchell Klement
  • Mark E. EasleyEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

The foot and ankle is comprised of an array of joints, ligaments and tendons that act to propel the body forward during ambulation while providing a stable weight bearing surface. While the complex relationship between these bones and soft tissue structures can be challenging, the examiner can obtain valuable diagnostic information from a systemic examination of the foot and ankle. All foot and ankle examinations should include a thorough inspection, gait observation, range of motion and neurovascular examination. Specialized tests can further aid the examiner in making the correct clinical diagnosis.

Keywords

Foot exam Ankle exam Physical examination 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alexander J. Lampley
    • 1
  • Christopher E. Gross
    • 1
  • Mitchell Klement
    • 1
  • Mark E. Easley
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryDuke University Medical CenterDurhamUSA

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