The Earth's Heterogeneous Mantle pp 275-299

Part of the Springer Geophysics book series (SPRINGERGEOPHYS) | Cite as

Effect of Water on Subduction of Continental Materials to the Deep Earth

  • Hiroki Ichikawa
  • Kenji Kawai
  • Shinji Yamamoto
  • Masanori Kameyama
Chapter

Abstract

The flows in the subduction channels with wet mantle wedge are calculated by 1-D finite difference method with fine numerical resolutions. The water content largely affects the viscosity of the mantle wedge. Previous simulation result using dry rheology on the mantle wedge shows that viscosity of the subduction channels controls the process and that the sustainable thickness of the channel in the deep mantle is ~2–3 km. However, little is known about the effect of the water content in the mantle wedge on the subduction channels. Here, in order to estimate the supply rate of continental materials to the deep mantle with water-rich environment on the mantle wedge, we have conducted a numerical simulation of a subduction channel. The results show that the water content controls the flux of the continental materials especially when temperature of mantle wedge is high. Therefore, the water content of the mantle wedge can be more important in the ancient mantle because of its high temperature.

Keywords

Subduction erosion Sediment subduction Subduction channel Ultrahigh-pressure metamorphic rocks 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hiroki Ichikawa
    • 1
    • 2
  • Kenji Kawai
    • 2
    • 3
    • 5
  • Shinji Yamamoto
    • 4
  • Masanori Kameyama
    • 1
  1. 1.Geodynamics Research CenterEhime UniversityMatsuyamaJapan
  2. 2.Earth-Life Science InstituteTokyo Institute of TechnologyMeguro, TokyoJapan
  3. 3.Department of Earth and Planetary SciencesTokyo Institute of TechnologyMeguro, TokyoJapan
  4. 4.Department of Earth Science and Astronomy, Graduate School of Arts and SciencesUniversity of TokyoMeguro, TokyoJapan
  5. 5.Department of Earth Science and Astronomy, Graduate School of Arts and SciencesUniversity of TokyoMeguro, TokyoJapan

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