A Vision for Education: Transforming How Formal Systems are Taught Within Mass Lectures by Using Pen Technology to Create a Personalized Learning Environment

  • Dwayne RaymondEmail author
  • Jeffrey Liew
  • Tracy A. Hammond
Part of the Human–Computer Interaction Series book series (HCIS)


This work-in-progress outlines both a key opportunity to understand the loss of STEM students as well as our vision for a transformative learning tool in development called Logic Sketch. Logic Sketch will use pen technology to provide a personal learning experience for every student in a mass lecture. It will monitor each student’s progress, and offer supplementary instruction and exercises that are specifically tailored to individual needs. By instilling a deeper understanding of how to work with formal systems, we expect to reduce math anxiety. This may aid in overcoming the problem of the underrepresented majority: the demographic that constitutes the majority of university students (females and non-white males) is underrepresented in STEM disciplines. The target demographic is over represented in mass lectures on logic. Thus, we are in a position to better understand a number of ill understood factors such as the extent to which math anxiety inhibits a student’s willingness to pursue a STEM degree.


Inference Rule Proof Strategy Mathematics Anxiety Math Anxiety Transformative Tool 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



We thank all the volunteers, and all publications support and staff, who wrote and provided helpful comments on previous versions of this document. Some of the references cited in this paper are included for illustrative purposes only.We thank Texas A&M University, the Dwight Look College of Engineering, the Aggie Challenge program, and the participating students for their efforts to aid in the development of this system.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dwayne Raymond
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jeffrey Liew
    • 2
  • Tracy A. Hammond
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Philosophy, College of Liberal ArtsTexas A&M UniversityCollege StationUSA
  2. 2.Department of Educational Psychology, College of Education and Human DevelopmentTexas A&M UniversityCollege StationUSA
  3. 3.Sketch Recognition Lab, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Dwight Look College of EngineeringTexas A&M UniversityCollege StationUSA

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