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Emergency Preparedness of Humanitarian Organizations: A System Dynamics Approach

  • Chenrong Ni
  • Robert de SouzaEmail author
  • Qing Lu
  • Mark Goh
Chapter
Part of the Lecture Notes in Logistics book series (LNLO)

Abstract

In recent decades, there is an increasing trend in the occurrence and complexity of disasters, while donors are becoming more demanding on the performance and accountability. Hence, there is great pressure on humanitarian organizations to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of their relief operations. For effective response to an emergency, humanitarian organizations must prepare their existing resources well before its start. This chapter develops a system dynamics model as a decision-aid tool for humanitarian organizations to prepare beforehand. The model is able to evaluate the effectiveness of common preparedness strategies such as prepositioning and visualize their impacts in a competitive environment with two humanitarian organizations. Simulation results show that strategy that reduces the lead time is always efficient but not so for prepositioning strategy. In the case of only the small organization prepositioning stocks, the overall performance would be worse. The study would help improve the operating efficiency of humanitarian organizations as well as their sustainability.

Keywords

Supply Chain Lead Time System Dynamic Model Emergency Preparedness Humanitarian Organization 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chenrong Ni
    • 1
  • Robert de Souza
    • 1
    Email author
  • Qing Lu
    • 1
  • Mark Goh
    • 1
  1. 1.The Logistics Institute Asia PacificNational University of SingaporeSingaporeSingapore

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