Towards a Living Income Within Agricultural Value Chains

  • Sophie GrunzeEmail author
  • Kristin Komives
  • Don Seville
  • Stephanie Daniels
  • Eberhard Krain
Part of the Natural Resource Management in Transition book series (NRMT, volume 2)


Smallholder agriculture is a critical part of the global food system—making up more than 80% of all farms worldwide (FAO 2014). Yet many of these smallholders are economically vulnerable, living below the poverty line and often facing seasonal food insecurity. These smallholders are diverse, producing high value export crops such as coffee and cocoa, crops for local and regional markets, and food for home consumption. To date, companies who trade with smallholders as well as development organisations and public agencies have primarily focused on how to invest and adapt trade to increase incomes and reduce poverty. In recent years, however, more and more companies and development organisations are looking to move their work with smallholders beyond reducing poverty to something more aspirational, such as a ‘living income’ for farmers where they are able to consistently invest in their farms and family and where returns attract the next generation of farmers.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sophie Grunze
    • 1
    Email author
  • Kristin Komives
    • 2
  • Don Seville
    • 3
  • Stephanie Daniels
    • 3
  • Eberhard Krain
    • 1
  1. 1.Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbHEschborn/BonnGermany
  2. 2.ISEAL AllianceLondonUK
  3. 3.Sustainable Food LabHartlandUSA

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