Recent Experiences from the Natural Rubber Industry and Its Movement Towards Sustainability

  • Edward MillardEmail author
Part of the Natural Resource Management in Transition book series (NRMT, volume 2)


Natural rubber is grown on 12 million hectares of tropical land; about the same as coffee. Yet whereas coffee was a pioneer commodity in the sustainability movement and it has become embedded in the sector, rubber has hardly progressed beyond the inception stage. The need for improved economic, social and environmental practices is as strong as in any commodity. Major companies holding concessions have been exposed for unacceptable practices towards local communities and clearing of natural forest. A large majority of producers are smallholders, whose yields are below the potential volume and quality that could be obtained with improved harvesting and processing.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Rainforest AllianceLondonUK

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