Seeps in the Ancient World: Myths, Religions, and Social Development

  • Giuseppe EtiopeEmail author


The final chapter completes the discussion on natural hydrocarbon seepage by reporting engaging information regarding the significance and importance of seeps in the ancient world. Gas and oil seeps have, in fact, had a special role in ancient cultures, driving mythological legends, religious traditions, and contributing to human civilisation. As it is mainly the domain of historians and archaeologists, these concepts are poorly understood in the geological academic community. In addition to an interest in archaeological and anthropological studies, historical reports of gas-oil manifestations are formidable evidence of the extreme longevity and persistence of seepage over time.


Eternal fires Myths Zoroastrianism Greek fire Delphi Chimaera Jean Baptist van Helmont Alessandro Volta 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Sezione Roma 2Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e VulcanologiaRomeItaly
  2. 2.Faculty of Environmental Science and EngineeringBabes-Bolyai UniversityCluj-NapocaRomania

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