Common Peroneal Nerve (aka Common Fibular Nerve)

  • Amgad S. Hanna


The common peroneal nerve (also called common fibular nerve) is one of the two terminal branches of the sciatic nerve in the lower third of the thigh. It runs laterally, medial to the biceps femoris tendon, then posterior to the fibular head , and lateral to the fibular neck . It gives off the sural communicating branch (lateral sural cutaneous nerve ). This typically joins the contribution from the tibial nerve to form the sural nerve. The latter descends along the lateral aspect of the leg anterior to the Achilles tendon. The lateral dorsal cutaneous nerve is one of its terminal branches. The common peroneal nerve then divides into superficial peroneal , deep peroneal , and articular (recurrent genicular ) branches.

Supplementary material

Video 20.1

(MP4 853763 kb)

Video 20.2

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  1. 1.
    Duscher D, Wenny R, Entenfellner J, Weninger P, Hirtler L (2014) Cutaneous innervation of the ankle: an anatomical study showing danger zones for ankle surgery. Clin Anat 27:653–658CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Amgad S. Hanna
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of NeurosurgeryUniversity of WisconsinMadisonUSA

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