The Next Generation of Navigational Services Using OpenStreetMap Data: The Integration of Augmented Reality and Graph Databases

  • Pouria Amirian
  • Anahid Basiri
  • Guillaume Gales
  • Adam Winstanley
  • John McDonald

Abstract

The OpenStreetMap (OSM) project is the most successful collaborative geospatial content generation project. The distinguishing attribute of OSM is free access to huge amounts of geospatial data, which has resulted in hundreds of commercial and non-commercial web and mobile applications and services. The OSM data is freely available and that is why the data can be used within many data infrastructure applications and value-added services. In addition, the free access to data has led to the growth of OSM as a replacement of propriety systems in academic and business environments. This chapter describes the implementation of a navigational application using OSM data as part of the eCampus project in Maynooth University (formerly known as National University of Ireland Maynooth or NUIM). The application provides users several navigation services with navigational instructions through standard textual and cartographic interfaces and also through augmented images showing way-finding objects. There are many navigation services available over the internet; however, the navigation services in this chapter are implemented using a graph database which can be used in connected as well as disconnected modes (online and offline). In addition to the graph database, there is a spatial database for storage and management of images in the system. In other words, the implemented eCampus uses polyglot geospatial data persistence in order to get the best features of several storage systems in a single system in contrast to many traditional storage systems in which all data is stored in a single storage system. The evaluation of the eCampus application by the target users of university students and staff indicated that the visual navigation service using augmented reality provides an intuitive interface that could be integrated into augmented reality systems.

Keywords

OpenStreetMap Graph database Navigation services Augmented reality Polyglot geospatial data persistence 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pouria Amirian
    • 1
  • Anahid Basiri
    • 2
  • Guillaume Gales
    • 3
  • Adam Winstanley
    • 3
  • John McDonald
    • 3
  1. 1.The Global Health NetworkThe University of OxfordOxfordUK
  2. 2.Nottingham Geospatial InstituteThe University of NottinghamNottinghamUK
  3. 3.Department of Computer ScienceMaynooth UniversityKildareIreland

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