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Computer-Aided Psychotherapy Technologies

  • Marni L. JacobEmail author
  • Eric A. Storch
Chapter
Part of the Health Informatics book series (HI)

Abstract

Computer aided psychotherapy addresses the many barriers of access to evidence-based psychotherapy. Programs are either completely computer-based delivered via the Internet or a stand-alone program, or they may be combined with intervention by a therapist. Telepsychiatry is another popular method for delivery of psychotherapy. Self-guided computerized treatment programs have the advantage of translation into several languages, eliminate the barriers of appointment time and location, and offer more anonymity to patients. The majority of self-guided programs utilize cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT). Studies have demonstrated that these programs result in significant reduction in anxiety and mood symptoms. Self-guided substance use treatment uses motivational interventions to decrease quantity and frequency of drinking. Computer-assisted treatment programs incorporate therapist interventions to clarify skills or tailor treatment approaches. These programs have been effective in treating anxiety disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and mood disorders. Virtual reality therapy has been used in exposure therapy to treat post-traumatic stress disorder, phobias, and anxiety disorders. Telepsychiatry is an effective delivery mechanism for CBT, and has demonstrated effective treatment of anxiety disorders, with the advantage of facilitating clinician access.

Keywords

Agoraphobia Anxiety Cognitive therapy Computer literacy Depression Drinking behavior Eating disorders Electronic mail Headache Mental health Mental health services Minors Mood disorders Motor activity Obsessive-compulsive disorder Outcome assessment (health care) Parental consent Personal satisfaction Phobic disorders Psychopathology Stress disorders post-traumatic Suicidal ideation 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Pediatrics, Rothman Center for NeuropsychiatryUniversity of South FloridaSt. PetersburgUSA
  2. 2.Rogers Behavioral HealthTampa BayUSA
  3. 3.All Children’s HospitalJohns Hopkins MedicineSt. PetersburgUSA

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