Advertisement

On the Collaborative Development of Application Ontologies: A Practical Case Study with a SME

  • Marco Rospocher
  • Elena Cardillo
  • Ivan Donadello
  • Luciano Serafini
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 8876)

Abstract

With semantic technologies coming of age, ontology-based applications are becoming more prevalent. These applications exploit the content encoded in ontologies to perform different tasks and operations. The development of ontologies to be used by a specific application presents some peculiarities compared to the modelling process of other types of ontologies. These peculiarities are related to the choice of the ontology metamodel which should be optimised for the application, and the possibility of an indirect evaluation of the ontology by running the application. In this paper we report the experience of collaboratively building an ontology for an application that supports the development of Individual Educational Plans (IEPs) for pupils with special needs. This application is a commercial product of a Small-Medium Enterprise (SME). The ontology is the result of a one-year long modelling experience that involved more than a dozen users having different expertise and competences, such as educationalists, psychologists, teachers, knowledge engineers, and application engineers. Beside describing the modelling process and tool, we report the lessons learned in collaboratively modelling an application ontology in a very concrete case. We believe our experience is worth reporting as our findings and lessons learned may be beneficial for similar modelling initiatives regarding the development of application ontologies.

Keywords

Modelling Activity Functional Ability Domain Expert Knowledge Engineer Editing Activity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Staab, S., Studer, R.: Handbook on Ontologies, 2nd edn. Springer Publishing Company, Incorporated (2009)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Zheng, J., Manduchi, E., Stoeckert Jr, C.J.: Development of an Application Ontology for Beta Cell Genomics Based On the Ontology for Biomedical Investigations. In: Dumontier, M., Hoehndorf, R., Baker, C.J.O. (eds.) ICBO. CEUR Workshop Proceedings, pp. 62–67. CEUR-WS.org,Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Harrison, R., Chan, C.: Implementation of an application ontology. In: Li, D., Wang, B. (eds.) Artificial Intelligence Applications and Innovations. IFIP, vol. 187, pp. 131–143. Springer, Heidelberg (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Antezana, E., Egaña, M., Blondé, W., Illarramendi, A., Bilbao, I., Baets, B.D., Stevens, R., Mironov, V., Kuiper, M.: The cell cycle ontology: an application ontology for the representation and integrated analysis of the cell cycle process. Genome Biol. 10(5), R58 (2009)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Mejino, J.L.V., Rubin, D.L., Brinkley, J.F.: Fma-radlex: An application ontology of radiological anatomy derived from the foundational model of anatomy reference ontology. In: AMIA Annu. Symp. Proc., pp. 465–469 (2008)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Guarino, N.: Formal Ontology in Information Systems: Proceedings of the 1st International Conference, 1st edn., Trento, Italy, June 6-8. IOS Press, Amsterdam (1998)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ghidini, C., Rospocher, M., Serafini, L.: Modeling in a wiki with moki: Reference architecture, implementation, and usages. International Journal On Advances in Life Sciences 4(4), 111–124 (2012)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Presidenza della Repubblica Italiana: Legge-quadro n. 104 per l’assistenza, l’integrazione sociale e i diritti delle persone handicappate (February 5, 1992)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ianes, D., Cramenotti, S.: Il Piano educativo individualizzato - Progetto di vita: Raccolta di buone prassi di PEI compilati e commentati. vol. 3. Edizioni Erickson (2009)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Grasso, F.: L’ICF a scuola. L’applicazione agli adempimenti della legge 104/1992: Diagnosi Funzionale, PDF e PEI. Giunti O.S. Organizzazioni Speciali, Firenze (2011)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Kumar, A., Smith, B.: The ontology of processes and functions: A study of the international classification of functioning, disability and health. In: Proceedings of the AIME 2005 Workshop on Biomedical Ontology Engineering, Aberdeen, Scotland (2005)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Della Mea, V., Simoncello, A.: An ontology-based exploration of the concepts and relationships in the activities and participation component of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and health. Journal of Biomedical Semantics 3(1), 1–9 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Tudorache, T., Nyulas, C.I., Noy, N.F., Musen, M.A.: Using semantic web in ICD-11: Three years down the road. In: Alani, H., Kagal, L., Fokoue, A., Groth, P., Biemann, C., Parreira, J.X., Aroyo, L., Noy, N., Welty, C., Janowicz, K. (eds.) ISWC 2013, Part II. LNCS, vol. 8219, pp. 195–211. Springer, Heidelberg (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Suárez-Figueroa, M.C., Gómez-Pérez, A., Villazón-Terrazas, B.: How to write and use the ontology requirements specification document. In: Meersman, R., Dillon, T., Herrero, P. (eds.) OTM 2009, Part II. LNCS, vol. 5871, pp. 966–982. Springer, Heidelberg (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Grüninger, M., Fox, M.S.: Methodology for the Design and Evaluation of Ontologies. In: IJCAI 1995 Workshop on Basic Ontological Issues in Knowledge Sharing (1995)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Wolstencroft, K., Owen, S., Krebs, O., Mueller, W., Nguyen, Q., Snoep, J.L., Goble, C.: Semantic data and models sharing in systems biology: The just enough results model and the SEEK platform. In: Alani, H., et al. (eds.) ISWC 2013, Part II. LNCS, vol. 8219, pp. 212–227. Springer, Heidelberg (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Drummond, N., Rector, A., Stevens, R., Moulton, G., Horridge, M., Wang, H., Sedenberg, J.: Putting owl in order: Patterns for sequences in owl. In: OWL Experiences and Directions (OWLEd 2006), Athens Georgia (2006)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Hèja, G., Surjàn, G., Lukácsy, G., Pallinger, P., Gergely, M.: Galen based formal representation of icd10. I. J. Medical Informatics 76(2-3), 118–123 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Rector, A., Rogers, J.: Patterns, properties and minimizing commitment: Reconstruction of the galen upper ontology in owl. In: Gangemi, A., Borgo, S. (eds.) Proceedings of the EKAW*04 Workshop on Core Ontologies in Ontology Engineering, CEUR (2004)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    The International Health Terminology Standards Development Organisation.: Snomed clinical terms(snomed ct) - international release. technical reference guide (July 2011)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marco Rospocher
    • 1
  • Elena Cardillo
    • 2
  • Ivan Donadello
    • 1
    • 3
  • Luciano Serafini
    • 1
  1. 1.Fondazione Bruno Kessler—IRSTTrentoItaly
  2. 2.Institute for Informatics and Telematics—IIT-CNRRendeItaly
  3. 3.Department of Information and Communication TechnologyUniversity of TrentoTrentoItaly

Personalised recommendations