Automatic Identification and Localisation of Potential Malignancies in Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound Liver Scans Using Spatio-Temporal Features
- Cite this paper as:
- Bakas S., Makris D., Sidhu P.S., Chatzimichail K. (2014) Automatic Identification and Localisation of Potential Malignancies in Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound Liver Scans Using Spatio-Temporal Features. In: Yoshida H., Näppi J., Saini S. (eds) Abdominal Imaging. Computational and Clinical Applications. ABD-MICCAI 2014. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 8676. Springer, Cham
The identification and localisation of a focal liver lesion (FLL) in Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound (CEUS) video sequences is crucial for liver cancer diagnosis, treatment planning and follow-up management. Currently, localisation and classification of FLLs between benign and malignant cases in CEUS are routinely performed manually by radiologists, in order to proceed with making a diagnosis, leading to subjective results, prone to misinterpretation and human error. This paper describes a methodology to assist clinicians who regularly perform these tasks, by discharging benign FLL cases and localise potential malignancies in a fully automatic manner by exploiting the perfusion dynamics of a CEUS video. The proposed framework uses local variations of intensity to distinguish between hyper- and hypo-enhancing regions and then analyse their spatial configuration to identify potentially malignant cases. Automatic localisation of the potential malignancy on the image plane is then addressed by clustering, using Expectation-Maximisation for Gaussian Mixture Models. A novel feature that combines description of local dynamic behaviour with spatial proximity is used in this process. Quantitative evaluation, on real clinical data from a retrospective multi-centre study, demonstrates the value of the proposed method.