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Phosphorous Fractionation in Surface Sediments of the Cauvery Delta Region, Southeast India

  • S. DhanakumarEmail author
  • K. Rutharvel Murthy
  • R. Mohanraj
  • K. Kumaraswamy
  • S. Pattabhi
Chapter
Part of the Springer Earth System Sciences book series (SPRINGEREARTH)

Abstract

Phosphorus is both a nutrient and a key factor responsible for eutrophication of freshwater ecosystem. Knowledge on geochemical forms of phosphorous is one among the proxies to monitor the quality of an aquatic ecosystem. Channel-bed sediment samples were collected from the Cauvery River in delta region, fractionated into five namely, exchangeable P, Fe-P, Al-P, Ca-P and Residual-P and were studied. Total phosphorous concentration of ranged between 360 and 1,070 mg/kg. The mean values of P fractions are: HCl-P (68 %), NaOH-P (12 %) and NH4Cl-P (8 %). Among the phosphorous fractions studied, HCl extractable P recorded as a dominating chemical form. It implies P had a preferential association with Ca. The pH of the river sediments varied from 7.37 to 8.69 implying alkaline nature. Total Organic Carbon (TOC) and Organic Matter (OM) of the sediments showed ranges of 0.04–1.0 % and 0.14–3.45 %, respectively. Total Nitrogen (TN) of the sediment samples was in the range between 0.08 and 0.20 %. The C/P and N/P ratios ranged 1.65–78.67 and 1.33–6.69, respectively.

Keywords

Cauvery river Sediment grain size Sequential extraction Phosphorus fractions Mobility Nutrient ratio 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Dhanakumar
    • 1
    Email author
  • K. Rutharvel Murthy
    • 2
  • R. Mohanraj
    • 3
  • K. Kumaraswamy
    • 4
  • S. Pattabhi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Environmental SciencePSG College of Arts and ScienceCoimbatoreIndia
  2. 2.Department of GeographyArignar Anna Government Arts CollegeNamakkalIndia
  3. 3.Department of Environmental ManagementBharathidasan UniversityTiruchirappalliIndia
  4. 4.Department of GeographyBharathidasan UniversityTiruchirappalliIndia

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