An Assessment of Gender Sensitive Adaptation Options to Climate Change in Smallholder Areas of Zimbabwe, Using Climate Analogue Analysis

Part of the Climate Change Management book series (CCM)


Climate analogues can be used to assess climate–induced risks and adaptation options for smallholder farmers. Surveys were carried out in smallholder areas at two 2050s climate analogue sites to assess smallholder climate-induced risks, farmers’ perceptions, and adaptation options, with a gender perspective. Pairs of sites selected had similar annual rainfall totals but differed in mean annual temperature by 2–4 °C. For drier areas Chiredzi was hypothesised to represent Matobo, and for wetter areas Kadoma was hypothesized to represent Mazowe/Goromonzi 2050s climates. Differences in crop management strategies and gender issues vary across sites. At the drier analogue pair, higher proportions of households grew small grains in Chiredzi compared to Matobo. Implications are for increased uptake of small grains, in 2050s climates for Matobo farmers. Gender issues include labour for production and processing of the small grains, against a background of male labour migration. For wetter climates, soil and water management strategies are important options for smallholders. Accesses to draft power, labour, agricultural assets, social and financial capital in differently managed households are important for increasing adoption of effective crop management strategies.


Adaptation Analogues Climate-induced risks Farming systems Gender 



We would like to acknowledge the Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) on behalf of the Federal Republic of Germany who sponsored this study through the “Adapting agriculture to climate change: developing promising strategies using analogue locations in Eastern and Southern Africa”(CALESA—Climate Analogue Locations in Eastern and Southern Africa) Project, ICRISAT—Bulawayo, Zimbabwe for facilitating the field work, the Zimbabwe Meteorological Services Department for providing meteorological data.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT)Matopos Research StationBulawayoZimbabwe
  2. 2.Faculty of Life SciencesHamburg University of Applied SciencesHamburgGermany
  3. 3.Formerly International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT)NairobiKenya

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