Computational Image-Guided Technologies in Cranio-Maxillofacial Soft Tissue Planning and Simulation

  • Mauricio Reyes
  • Kamal Shahim
  • Philipp Jürgens


Due to the complexity and unpredictability of cranio-maxillofacial (CMF) surgery, computer simulations have been proposed to assist the surgeon in the decision-making process of surgical planning. Current planning solutions require the use of different and unconnected tools to account for the necessary balance and interplay between functional and aesthetic aspects of CMF surgery, which ultimately makes an effective combination and analysis of the information difficult. In this article we present current approaches and new trends suggested to alleviate these issues and to promote the development of clinically relevant and seamless, yet effective, computational solutions for CMF surgical planning.


Neurosurgical procedures Computer assisted systems Preoperative planning Intraoperative navigation Charge coupled device Dynamic reference frame 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mauricio Reyes
    • 1
  • Kamal Shahim
    • 1
  • Philipp Jürgens
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute for Surgical Technology and BiomechanicsUniversity of BernBernSwitzerland
  2. 2.Department of Cranio-Maxillofacial SurgeryUniversity Hospital BaselBaselSwitzerland

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