Multiple Atrial Septal Defects (Ostium Secundum Type)

  • Hakimeh Sadeghian
  • Zahra Savand-Roomi


A 36-year-old woman presented with dyspnea on exertion (functional class II). Physical examination revealed a holosystolic murmur at the lower left sternal border.

Supplementary material

Video 9.1

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  1. 19.
    McGarvey J, Ota T, Anderson W, Katz W, Zenati MA. Highly fenestrated septum primum leads to failure of Amplatzer septal defect closure. Ann Thorac Surg. 2008;86(3):998–1000 [Case Reports].CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hakimeh Sadeghian
    • 1
  • Zahra Savand-Roomi
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of EchocardiographyTehran University of Medical Sciences Tehran Heart CentreTehranIran
  2. 2.Department of EchocardiographyKowsar HospitalShirazIran

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