Ventricular Septal Defect with Infective Endocarditis

  • Hakimeh Sadeghian
  • Zahra Savand-Roomi


A 33-year-old man presented with a seizure of recent onset. He was a known case of a ventricular septal defect (VSD) from childhood. Physical examination showed a harsh systolic murmur at the lower sternal border and apex.


Public Health Physical Examination Septal Defect Infective Endocarditis Ventricular Septal Defect 
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hakimeh Sadeghian
    • 1
  • Zahra Savand-Roomi
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of EchocardiographyTehran University of Medical Sciences Tehran Heart CentreTehranIran
  2. 2.Department of EchocardiographyKowsar HospitalShirazIran

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