Advertisement

Isolated Left Persistent Superior Vena Cava

  • Hakimeh Sadeghian
  • Zahra Savand-Roomi

Abstract

A 17-year-old boy was referred to our echocardiography laboratory with a diagnosis of an unroofed coronary sinus. He had dyspnea on exertion (functional class I) since childhood.

Supplementary material

Video 35.1

(MP4 16126 kb)

References

  1. 2.
    Webb GD, Smallhorn J, Therrien J, Redington AN. Congenital heart disease. In: Bonow RO, Mann D, Zipes DP, Libby P, Breunwald E, editors. Breunwarld heart disease, a text book of cardiovascular medicine. 9th ed. China: Elsevier Saunders; 2012. p. 1411–67.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 60.
    Geva T, Martins JD, Wald RM. Atrial septal defects. Lancet. 2014;383(9932):1921–32 [Review].CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 64.
    Cetta Jr F, Seward J, O’Leary PW. Echocardiography in congenital heart disease. In: Oh JK, Seward J, Tajik AJ, editors. The echo manual. 3rd ed. Rochester: Wolters Kluwer/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2007. p. 332–67.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hakimeh Sadeghian
    • 1
  • Zahra Savand-Roomi
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of EchocardiographyTehran University of Medical Sciences Tehran Heart CentreTehranIran
  2. 2.Department of EchocardiographyKowsar HospitalShirazIran

Personalised recommendations