Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Connection

  • Hakimeh Sadeghian
  • Zahra Savand-Roomi


A 4-year-old girl referred for cyanosis and dyspnea. She had recurrent respiratory tract infection.

Supplementary material

Video 116.1

(MP4 22444 kb)


  1. 71.
    Brown DW, Geva T. Anomalies of the pulmonary veins. In: Allen HA, Driscoll D, Shaddy RE, Feltes TF, editors. Moss and Adams’ heart disease in infants, children, and adolescents. 8th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2013. p. 809–39.Google Scholar
  2. 137.
    Freedom RM, Hashmi A. Total anomalous pulmonary venous connections and consideration of the Fontan or one-ventricle repair. Ann Thorac Surg. 1998;66(2):681–2.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hakimeh Sadeghian
    • 1
  • Zahra Savand-Roomi
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of EchocardiographyTehran University of Medical Sciences Tehran Heart CentreTehranIran
  2. 2.Department of EchocardiographyKowsar HospitalShirazIran

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