Multiple Atrial Septal Defects (Ostium Secundum Type)
A 57-year-old woman was referred to our center for decision-making regarding an atrial septal defect (ASD). Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) revealed moderate tricuspid regurgitation (TR) with a gradient of about 40 mmHg.
(MP4 30399 kb)
- 23.Nishimura RA, Otto CM, Bonow RO, Carabello BA, Erwin 3rd JP, Guyton RA, et al. 2014 AHA/ACC guideline for the management of patients with valvular heart disease: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2014;148(1):e1–132.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar