Advertisement

Recall of Concepts and Relationships Learned by Conceptual Models: The Impact of Narratives, General-Purpose, and Pattern-Based Conceptual Grammars

  • Wolfgang Maass
  • Veda C. Storey
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 8824)

Abstract

Conceptual models are the means by which a designer expresses his or her understanding of an envisioned information system. This research investigates whether modeling experts or novices differ in understanding conceptual models represented by textual descriptions in the form of narratives, by general-purpose conceptual modeling languages, such as entity-relationship models or by pattern-based conceptual modeling languages. Cognitive science theories on memory systems are adopted and a cued recall experiment carried out. The experimental results suggest that narratives cannot be underestimated during learning processes in information systems design. Furthermore, general-purpose conceptual modeling languages tend to lack capabilities for supporting template-based learning. The results are differentiated between subjects with at least basic conceptual modeling skills and novices.

Keywords

Conceptual modeling conceptual patterns design patterns entity relationship diagrams empirical study knowledge structures domain understanding cued recall template experts novices narratives chunks 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Shanks, G.: Conceptual data modelling: An empirical study of expert and novice data modellers. Australasian Journal of Information Systems 4 (2007)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Alexander, C.: A Pattern Language: Towns, Buildings, Construction (1978)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    De Groot, A.D., de Groot, A.D.: Thought and choice in chess. de Gruyter (1978)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Van Merrienboer, J.J., Sweller, J.: Cognitive load theory and complex learning: Recent developments and future directions. Educational Psychology Review 17, 147–177 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Batra, D., Hoffer, J.A., Bostrom, R.P.: Comparing Representations with Relational and Eer Models. Communications of the ACM 33, 126–139 (1990)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Parsons, J., Cole, L.: What do the pictures mean? Guidelines for experimental evaluation of representation fidelity in diagrammatical conceptual modeling techniques. Data & Knowledge Engineering 55, 327–342 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Weber, R.: Are attributes entities? A study of database designers’ memory structures. Information Systems Research 7, 137–162 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Bodart, F., Patel, A., Sim, M., Weber, R.: Should optional properties be used in conceptual modelling? A theory and three empirical tests. Information Systems Research 12, 384–405 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Chen, P.: The Entity-Relationship Model–Toward a Unified View of Data. ACM Transactions on Database Systems 1, 9–36 (1976)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Kuechler, W., Vaishnavi, V.: So, talk to me: The effect of explicit goals on the comprehension of business process narratives. MIS Quarterly 30, 961–996 (2006)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Maass, W., Janzen, S.: Pattern-Based Approach for Designing with Diagrammatic and Propositional Conceptual Models. In: Jain, H., Sinha, A.P., Vitharana, P. (eds.) DESRIST 2011. LNCS, vol. 6629, pp. 192–206. Springer, Heidelberg (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Kruskal, W.H., Wallis, W.A.: Use of ranks in one-criterion variance analysis. Journal of the American statistical Association 47, 583–621 (1952)CrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Parsons, J.: Effects of local versus global schema diagrams on verification and communication conceptual data modeling. Journal of Management Information Systems 19, 155–183 (2002)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wolfgang Maass
    • 1
  • Veda C. Storey
    • 2
  1. 1.Saarland UniversitySaarbrückenGermany
  2. 2.University Plaza, Georgia State UniversityAtlantaUnited States

Personalised recommendations