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The Effect of Dimensionality Reduction on Large Scale Hierarchical Classification

  • Aris Kosmpoulos
  • Georgios Paliouras
  • Ion Androutsopoulos
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 8685)

Abstract

Many classification problems are related to a hierarchy of classes, that can be exploited in order to perform hierarchical classification of test objects. The most basic way of hierarchical classification is that of cascade classification, which greedily traverses the hierarchy from root to the predicted leaf. In order to perform cascade classification, a classifier must be trained for each node of the hierarchy. In large scale problems, the number of features can be prohibitively large for the classifiers in the upper levels of the hierarchy. It is therefore desirable to reduce the dimensionality of the feature space at these levels. In this paper we examine the computational feasibility of the most common dimensionality reduction method (Principal Component Analysis) for this problem, as well as the computational benefits that it provides for cascade classification and its effect on classification accuracy. Our experiments on two benchmark datasets with a large hierarchy show that it is possible to perform a certain version of PCA efficiently in such large hierarchies, with a slight decrease in the accuracy of the classifiers. Furthermore, we show that PCA can be used selectively at the top levels of the hierarchy in order to decrease the loss in accuracy. Finally, the reduced feature space, provided by the PCA, facilitates the use of more costly and possibly more accurate classifiers, such as non-linear SVMs.

Keywords

Hierarchical Classification Dimensionality Reduction Principal Component Analysis 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aris Kosmpoulos
    • 1
    • 2
  • Georgios Paliouras
    • 1
  • Ion Androutsopoulos
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Informatics and TelecommunicationsNational Center for Scientific Research “Demokritos”9AthensGreece
  2. 2.Department of InformaticsAthens University of Economics and BusinessGreece

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