Floundering or Experimenting: Finding a Vocational Home

  • Varda KonstamEmail author
Part of the Advancing Responsible Adolescent Development book series (ARAD)


When are emerging and young adults immersed in positive self-exploration versus mired in anxious avoidance that leads to paralysis? And in the latter case, what can be done? Challenging job market conditions in the context of seemingly limitless career options have helped to create an environment that increases the likelihood of postponement of career choice. Distinctions are made between doers and reflectors, with consideration of the role of reflection in career choice. Floundering versus experimentation approaches are outlined, and the causes of the former are examined. A career indecision model is presented to assist in understanding career indecision. The hazards of perfectionism and optimization of choice are discussed in the context of current market forces, all of which help to demonstrate the complexity that emerging and young adults are encountering in their search for a meaningful and purpose-driven career future.


Emerging adult Young adult Careers Experimentation Floundering Perfectionism 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Massachusetts BostonBostonUSA

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