Excitation/Inhibition Patterns in a System of Coupled Cortical Columns
We study how excitation and inhibition are distributed mesoscopically in small brain regions, by means of a computational model of coupled cortical columns described by neural mass models. Two cortical columns coupled bidirectionally through both excitatory and inhibitory connections can spontaneously organize in a regime in which one of the columns is purely excitatory and the other is purely inhibitory, provided the excitatory and inhibitory coupling strengths are adequately tuned. We also study the case of three columns in different coupling configurations (linear array and all-to-all coupling), finding abrupt transitions between heterogeneous and homogeneous excitatory/inhibitory patterns and strong multistability in their distribution.
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