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Online Discriminative Multi-atlas Learning for Isointense Infant Brain Segmentation

  • Xuchu Wang
  • Li Wang
  • Heung-Il Suk
  • Dinggang Shen
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 8679)

Abstract

Multi-atlas labeling in a non-local patch manner has emerged as an important approach to alleviate both the possible misalignment and mis-match among patches for guiding accurate image segmentation. However, the relationship among candidate patches and their intra/inter-class variability are less investigated, which limits the discriminative power of these patches. To address these issues, we present a new online discriminative multi-atlas learning method for labeling the target patch by the best representative candidates in a sparse sense. Specifically, the online multi-kernel learning is firstly adopted to map the patches into a cascade of discriminative kernel spaces for producing corresponding probability maps to model a label of each sample in these spaces. Then the online discriminative dictionary learning is proposed to build the atlas that handles the intra-class compactness and inter-class separability simultaneously. Finally, sparse coding is used to select patches in the dictionary for label propagation. In this way, the multi-atlas information dynamically learned with the context probability maps is iteratively incorporated to build the atlas dictionary, for gradually excluding the misleading candidate patches. The proposed method is validated by experiments on isointense infant brain tissue segmentation, and achieves promising results in comparison with several different labeling strategies.

Keywords

Sparse Representation Sparse Code Dictionary Learning Target Patch Label Fusion 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xuchu Wang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Li Wang
    • 2
  • Heung-Il Suk
    • 2
  • Dinggang Shen
    • 2
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Optoelectronic Technology and Systems of Ministry of Education, College of Optoelectronic EngineeringChongqing UniversityChongqingChina
  2. 2.Department of Radiology and Biomedical Research Imaging Center (BRIC)University of North Carolina at Chapel HillChapel HillUSA

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