LOST-Map: A Victim-Sourced Rescue Map of Disaster Areas

  • André Silva
  • Diogo Marques
  • Carlos Duarte
  • Maria Ana Viana-Baptista
  • Luís Carriço
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 8658)

Abstract

In the aftermath of natural disasters, members of the affected communities are often the de facto first responders. Local volunteers can respond quickly, are strongly motivated, and have the necessary ground knowledge. However, their search and rescue efforts may be misdirected in the absence of information about the location and status of victims. We propose LOST, a system that gathers data from smartphones in affected areas, even when the regular communication infrastructure fails, and aggregates it in a web interface for visualization. For each individual, LOST-Map shows location traces and activity indicators. The information can be explored by selecting time-frames and/or applying filters over activity indicators. This paper briefly describes the design of LOST, introduces the visualization tool LOST-Map, and reports on a study (n=10) that suggests that it can be effectively used by untrained volunteers.

Keywords

Disaster management Emergency response Location services 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • André Silva
    • 1
  • Diogo Marques
    • 1
  • Carlos Duarte
    • 1
  • Maria Ana Viana-Baptista
    • 2
  • Luís Carriço
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade de LisboaLisbonPortugal
  2. 2.Instituto Português do Mar e da AtmosferaLisbonPortugal

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