Automatic Movie Posters Classification into Genres

  • Marina Ivasic-KosEmail author
  • Miran Pobar
  • Ivo Ipsic
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 311)


A person can quickly grasp the movie genre (drama, comedy, cartoons, etc.) from a poster, regardless of short observation time, clutter and variety of details. Bearing this in mind, it can be assumed that simple properties of a movie poster should play a significant role in automated detection of movie genres. Therefore, visual features based on colors and structural cues are extracted from poster images and used for poster classification into genres.

A single movie may belong to more than one genre (class), so the poster classification is a multi-label classification task. To solve the multi-label problem, three different types of classification methods were applied and described in this paper. These are: ML-kNN, RAKEL and Naïve Bayes. ML-kNN and RAKEL methods are directly used on multi-label data. For the Naïve Bayes the task is transformed into multiple single-label classifications. Obtained results are evaluated and compared on a poster dataset using different feature subsets. The dataset contains 6000 posters advertising films classified into 18 genres.

The paper gives insights into the properties of the discussed multi-label classification methods and their ability to determine movie genres from posters using low-level visual features.


multi-label classification data transformation method movie poster 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of InformaticsUniversity of RijekaRijekaCroatia

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