Combinatorial Evolution and Forecasting
This chapter addresses framework for combinatorial evolution and forecasting of composite (modular) systems. The framework is based on (consists of) combinatorial optimization models, for example: knapsack problem, multicriteria ranking, multiple choice problem, morphological clique problem (i.e., hierarchical morphological design), aggregation of structured solutions. Generally, the following stages are considered: (i) hierarchical modeling of system generations, (ii) detection of changes between neighbor system generations, (iii) integration and multicriteria description of the change items, (iv) composition of system forecast(s) on the basis of the change items, i.e., combinatorial synthesis of the system forecast(s) as structured solution(s), and (v) aggregation of the structured solutions. An illustrative numerical example describes corresponds to combinatorial evolution of modular engineering educational course.