Variable Dependencies and Q-Resolution
We propose Q(D)-resolution, a proof system for Quantified Boolean Formulas. Q(D)-resolution is a generalization of Q-resolution parameterized by a dependency scheme D. This system is motivated by the generalization of the QDPLL algorithm using dependency schemes implemented in the solver DepQBF. We prove soundness of Q(D)-resolution for a dependency scheme D that is strictly more general than the standard dependency scheme; the latter is currently used by DepQBF. This result is obtained by proving correctness of an algorithm that transforms Q(D)-resolution refutations into Q-resolution refutations and could be of independent practical interest. We also give an alternative characterization of resolution- path dependencies in terms of directed walks in a formula’s implication graph which admits an algorithmically more advantageous treatment.
KeywordsInduction Hypothesis Proof System Pendency Scheme Primal Graph Boolean Formula
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