Prenger-Berninghoff K., Greiving S. (2015) The Use of Risk Information in Spatial Planning in Europe: Examples from Case Study Sites in Italy and Romania with a Focus on Flood and Landslide Hazards. In: Lollino G., Manconi A., Guzzetti F., Culshaw M., Bobrowsky P., Luino F. (eds) Engineering Geology for Society and Territory - Volume 5. Springer, Cham
The Hyogo Framework for Action established disaster risk reduction as a clear goal. Among other points, it clearly refers to the importance of the availability and quality of risk information, because information about hazards and vulnerability is a prerequisite for the implementation of purposeful risk reduction measures. Spatial planning has to be seen as key actor for risk management, since planning comprises decisions of whether and how spaces will be used. It can thus influence vulnerability parameters, contribute to the alteration of risks and improve regional or community resilience towards disasters. Drawing on document analysis and expert interviews, the paper examines the use of risk information in spatial planning in two case study areas: the Friuli Venezia Giulia Region (Italy) and Buzău County (Romania) with a special focus on flood and landslide hazards. Due to the varying roles of planning and risk management actors in different countries, planning cultures and legal-administrative frameworks, it is assumed the use of risk information in spatial planning and subsequently the handling of risks caused by natural hazards differs between the case study sites considerably.
Spatial planning Risk information Geo-hydrological hazard