Gross Anatomy

  • Joaquín J. García


Major salivary glands are visible as three paired organs: parotid, submandibular, and sublingual glands. The parotid gland is, for practical purposes, divided into superficial and deep lobes. The facial nerve courses between the superficial and deep lobes, serving as a surgical landmark. Stensen’s duct, formed by the convergence of several excretory ducts within the parotid gland, empties into oral cavity buccal mucosa opposite the maxillary second molar. The submandibular gland is located in the submandibular triangle and empties glandular secretions into the anterior floor of mouth by way of Wharton’s duct. Lastly, the sublingual gland is situated in the lingual sulcus of the floor of mouth and empties into the oral cavity via Bartholin’s duct.


Parotid gland Submandibular gland Sublingual gland 

Suggested Reading

  1. Standring S. Section 4: head and neck. In: Standring S, editor. Gray’s anatomy: the anatomical basis of clinical practice. 40th ed. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone/Elsevier; 2008. p. 467–95.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joaquín J. García
    • 1
  1. 1.Mayo Clinic School of Medicine, Department of Laboratory Medicine & PathologyMayo Clinic RochesterRochesterUSA

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