Complex Networks of Harmonic Structure in Classical Music
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- Gomez F., Lorimer T., Stoop R. (2014) Complex Networks of Harmonic Structure in Classical Music. In: Mladenov V.M., Ivanov P.C. (eds) Nonlinear Dynamics of Electronic Systems. NDES 2014. Communications in Computer and Information Science, vol 438. Springer, Cham
Music is a ubiquitous, complex and defining phenomenon of human culture. We create and analyze complex networks representing harmonic transitions in eight selected compositions of Johann Sebastian Bach’s Well-Tempered Clavier. While all resulting networks exhibit the typical ‘small-world’-characteristics, they clearly differ in their degree distributions. Some of the degree distributions are well fit by a power-law, others by an exponential, and some by neither. This seems to preclude the necessity of a scale-free degree distribution for music to be appealing. To obtain a quality measure for the network representation, we design a simple algorithm that generates artificial polyphonic music, which also exhibits the different styles of composition underlying the various pieces.
KeywordsComplex Networks Music Harmony Artificial Music
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