GIS-based Landscape Design Research: Exploring Aspects of Visibility in Landscape Architectonic Compositions

  • Steffen Nijhuis
Part of the GeoJournal Library book series (GEJL, volume 111)


Landscape design research is important for cultivating spatial intelligence in landscape architecture. This chapter explores GIS as a tool for landscape design research—investigating landscape designs to understand them as architectonic compositions (architectonic plan analysis). Landscape architectonic compositions and their representations embody a great wealth of design knowledge as objects of our material culture and reflect the treatment of the ground, space, image and program into a characteristic coherence. By exploring landscape architectonic compositions with GIS we can acquire design knowledge that can be used in the creation/refinement of a new design. This chapter elaborates on GIS-based visibility analysis of landscape architectonic compositions and reveals the perceived spatial potential as a basis for performance and reception. Two examples of landscape design research showcase that GIS-based isovists and viewsheds have the potential of measuring visual phenomena which are often subject of intuitive and experimental design.


Landscape architecture Visual landscape research Architectonic plan analysis Design knowledge Viewshed analysis Isovist analysis 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Architecture and the Built EnvironmentDelft University of TechnologyDelftThe Netherlands

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