Compaction, Permeability and Flow Simulation for Liquid Composite Moulding of Natural Fibre Composites

  • Darshil U. ShahEmail author
  • Mike J. Clifford


With the growing interest in developing high-performance natural fibre composites (NFRPs) for (semi-)-structural applications, researchers are increasingly considering liquid composite moulding (LCM) processes and investigating key manufacturing-related issues. Here, we critically review the literature on LCM of NFRPs. Consequently, we identify key findings concerning the reinforcement-related factors (namely, compaction and permeability) that influence, if not govern, the mould-filling stage during LCM of NFRPs. In particular, the differences in structure (physical and chemical) of natural and synthetic fibres, their semi-products (i.e. yarns and rovings) and their textiles are shown to have a perceptible effect on their processing via LCM.


Polymer-matrix composites Liquid composite moulding Resin transfer moulding Compaction Permeability Flow modelling Natural fibres Biocomposites 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Oxford Silk Group, Department of ZoologyUniversity of OxfordOxfordUK
  2. 2.Department of ArchitectureUniversity of CambridgeCambridgeUK
  3. 3.Polymer Composites Research Group, Division of Materials, Mechanics and Structures, Faculty of EngineeringThe University of NottinghamNottinghamUK

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