Validity of Driving Simulator for Agent-Human Interaction
Drivers of intelligent agent in the virtual environment offer researchers a great opportunity to study interaction between drivers in the safe, controlled, replicable and low-cost simulator environment. However, the validation for the effectiveness of agent drivers upon human drivers is required. The present study aimed to evaluate the validity of agent-human interaction in a simulator, compared with human-human interaction on real roads. 20 male participants were recruited to watch eight scenarios concerning interactive driving behaviors and signal usage, which were presented in the forms of both realistic films with human drivers and virtual graphic scenes with agent drivers. Participants’ attitude, emotions and visual attention were recorded. The relative validity was established for all measurements. This result suggested that medium fidelity simulator with agent drivers could provide the effective values to evaluate the human-human interaction mirrored these values obtained on real road.
Keywordsvalidity intelligent agent driving simulator vehicle signals
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.Ba, Y., Zhang, W.: An empirical approach for driver-driver interaction study: Attributes, influence factors and framework. Advances in Usability Evaluation, 404 (2012)Google Scholar
- 2.Ba, Y., Zhang, W., Yang, Y., Salvendy, G.: Interpersonal signal processing during interactive driving scenarios. Working paper (2013)Google Scholar
- 3.Blaauw, G.J.: Driving experience and task demands in simulator and instrumented car: A validation study. Human Factors: The Journal of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 24(4), 473–486 (1982)Google Scholar
- 6.Ehlert, P.A., Rothkrantz, L.J.: Microscopic traffic simulation with reactive driving agents. In: Proceedings of the Intelligent Transportation Systems, pp. 860–865. IEEE (2001)Google Scholar