The Evolution and Pollination of Oceanic Bellflowers (Campanulaceae)

  • Marisa Alarcón
  • Juan José Aldasoro
  • Cristina Roquet
  • Jens M. Olesen
Chapter

Abstract

Oceanic islands provide a good model for the study of species dispersal and evolution. We focus here on the evolution of pollination modes of oceanic island bellflowers (Campanulaceae), examining the degree of parallel evolution in different lineages of this family. Plants colonizing islands might either have experienced selective pressures on floral traits from vertebrate pollinators such as birds and lizards or have been pre-adapted to pollination by vertebrates prior to their colonization. The reconstruction of the ancestral pollination biology of Campanulaceae suggests that pollinators of the ancestors of bird-/lizard-pollinated bellflowers were insects. Moreover, in four island Campanulaceae lineages, only one was pre-adapted on the continent, and three made de novo shifts on the islands. Evolution towards bird pollination from insect-pollinated ancestors is also common in other island-groups, possibly because opportunistic birds are more efficient than insects. We review to what extent related species converge in their pollination ecology in related habitats on oceanic islands.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marisa Alarcón
    • 1
  • Juan José Aldasoro
    • 1
  • Cristina Roquet
    • 2
  • Jens M. Olesen
    • 3
  1. 1.Institut Botànic de Barcelona (IBB-CSIC-ICUB)BarcelonaSpain
  2. 2.Laboratoire d’Écologie Alpine, CNRS UMR 5553Université GrenobleGrenoble Cedex 9France
  3. 3.Institute of BioscienceAarhus UniversityAarhusDenmark

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