Four Data Visualization Heuristics to Facilitate Reflection in Personal Informatics

  • Andrea Cuttone
  • Michael Kai Petersen
  • Jakob Eg Larsen
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 8516)


In this paper we discuss how to facilitate the process of reflection in Personal Informatics and Quantified Self systems through interactive data visualizations. Four heuristics for the design and evaluation of such systems have been identified through analysis of self-tracking devices and apps. Dashboard interface paradigms in specific self-tracking devices (Fitbit and Basis) are discussed as representative examples of state of the art in feedback and reflection support. By relating to existing work in other domains, such as event related representation of time series multivariate data in financial analytics, it is discussed how the heuristics could guide designs that would further facilitate reflection in self-tracking personal informatics systems.


personal informatics quantified self self-tracking information visualization feedback reflection heuristics 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrea Cuttone
    • 1
  • Michael Kai Petersen
    • 1
  • Jakob Eg Larsen
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Applied Mathematics and Computer Science Cognitive Systems SectionTechnical University of Denmark (DTU)Kgs LyngbyDenmark

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