What Is the Specific Significance of Dream Research for Philosophy of Mind?

  • Thomas MetzingerEmail author
Part of the Vienna Circle Institute Library book series (VCIL, volume 3)


Three examples: Altered states as contrast classes, self-model phase transitions in lucidity, and the devastating epistemological consequences of cognitive corruption.


Altered State Contrast Condition Phenomenal State Phenomenal Experience Sleep Paralysis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Blanke, O., & Metzinger, T. (2009). Full-body illusions and minimal phenomenal selfhood. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 13(1), 7–13.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Desseilles, M., Dang-Vu, T. T., Sterpenich, V., & Schwartz, S. (2011). Cognitive and emotional processes during dreaming: A neuroimaging view. Consciousness and Cognition, 20(4), 998–1008.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Fosse, R., Stickgold, R. J., & Hobson, J. A. (2001). Reciprocal variation in thoughts and hallucinations. Psychological Science, 12(1), 30–36.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Hobson, J. A. (1999). Dreaming as delirium. How the brain goes out of its mind. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  5. Hobson, J. A. (2005). 13 dreams Freud never had: The new mind science. New York: Pi Press.Google Scholar
  6. Hobson, J. A. (2010). The neurobiology of consciousness: Lucid dreaming wakes up. International Journal of Dream Research, 3(1), 36–46. and the commentaries in the same volume.Google Scholar
  7. Hobson, J. A. (2011). Dream life: An experimental memoir. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  8. Hobson, J. A., & McCarley, R. W. (1977). The brain as a dreamstate generator: An activation-synthesis hypothesis of the dream process. American Journal of Psychiatry, 134, 1335–1348.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Hobson, J. A., Pace-Schott, E. F., & Stickgold, R. (2000). Dreaming and the brain. Toward a cognitive neuroscience of conscious states. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 23, 793–842.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Kahn, D., & Hobson, J. A. (2005). State-dependent thinking: A comparison of waking and dreaming thought. Consciousness and Cognition, 14(3), 429–438.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Levitan, L. (1994). A fool’s guide to lucid dreaming. NightLight, 6.
  12. Metzinger, T. (2003). Being no one: The self-model theory of subjectivity. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  13. Metzinger, T. (2009). The ego tunnel: The science of the mind and the myth of the self. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  14. Metzinger, T. (2013a). Two principles for robot ethics. In E. Hilgendorf & J.-P. Günther (Eds.), Robotik und Gesetzgebung. Baden-Baden: Nomos.Google Scholar
  15. Metzinger, T. (2013b). Why are dreams interesting for philosophers? The example of minimal phenomenal selfhood, plus an agenda for future research. Frontiers in Psychology, 4, 746.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  16. Metzinger, T. (2013c). The myth of cognitive agency: Subpersonal thinking as a cyclically recurring loss of mental autonomy. Frontiers in Psychology, 4, 931.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  17. Nielsen, T. A. (1991–1992) A self-observational study of spontaneous hypnagogic imagery using the upright napping procedure. Imagination, Cognition and Personality, 11(4), 353–366.Google Scholar
  18. Nielsen, T. A. (1995). Describing and modeling hypnagogic imagery using a systematic self observation procedure. Dreaming, 5(2), 75–94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Noreika, V., Windt, J. M., Lenggenhager, B., & Karim, A. A. (2010). New perspectives for the study of lucid dreaming: From brain stimulation to philosophical theories of self-consciousness. Commentary on “The neurobiology of consciousness: Lucid dreaming wakes up” by J. Allan Hobson. International Journal of Dream Research, 3(1), 36–46.Google Scholar
  20. Revonsuo, A. (2006). Inner presence: Consciousness as a biological phenomenon. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  21. Voss, U., Holzmann, R., Tuin, I., & Hobson, J. A. (2009). Lucid dreaming: A state of consciousness with features of both waking and non-lucid dreaming. Sleep, 32(9), 1191–1200.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  22. Voss, U., Schermelleh-Engel, K., Windt, J. M., Frenzel, C., & Hobson, J. A. (2013). Measuring consciousness in dreams: The lucidity and consciousness in dreams scale. Consciousness and Cognition, 22, 8–21.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Windt, J. M. (2010). The immersive spatiotemporal hallucination model of dreaming. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences, 9, 295–316.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Windt, J. M. (2014). Dreaming: A conceptual framework for philosophy of mind and empirical research. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  25. Windt, J. M., & Metzinger, T. (2007). The philosophy of dreaming and self-consciousness: What happens to the experiential subject during the dream state? In D. Barrett & P. McNamara (Eds.), The new science of dreaming (Cultural and theoretical perspectives, Vol. 3, pp. 193–248). Westport/London: Praeger Perspectives.Google Scholar
  26. Windt, J. M., & Noreika, V. (2011). How to integrate dreaming into a general theory of consciousness – A critical review of existing positions and suggestions for future research. Consciousness and Cognition, 20(4), 1091–1107.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Philosophisches SeminarJohannes Gutenberg-Universität MainzMainzGermany

Personalised recommendations