Snappy App: A Mobile Continuous Performance Test with Physical Activity Measurement for Assessing Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
A Continuous Performance Test (CPT) was incorporated into a smartphone application (App) to measure three symptom domains associated with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD); attention, impulsivity and hyperactivity. The App was pilot tested on 11 healthy adults over three testing sessions. No differences in performance were found between testing sessions suggesting good test consistency. A decrement in performance over time was only found for one measure of attention and on one testing session. The CPT showed some sensitivity to ADHD-related symptoms where self-reported impulsive behaviour was related to the CPT measures of impulsivity and activity. User acceptability was good although some design improvements were suggested. Further pilot testing of the App in a clinical population is needed.
KeywordsAttention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Continuous Performance Test m-Health Ecological interfaces New technology and its usefulness Psychological application for user interface Qualitative and quantitative measurement and evaluation
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 4.NICE: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: The NICE Guideline on Diagnosis and Management of ADHD in Children, Young People and Adults. National Clinical Practice Guideline Number 72. National Collaborating Centre for Mental Health: The British Psychological Society & The Royal College of Psychiatrists (2008)Google Scholar
- 9.Biederman, J., Faraone, S., Milberger, S., Guite, J., Mick, E., Chen, L., Mennin, D., Marrs, A., Ouellette, C., Moore, P., Spencer, T., Norman, D., Wilens, T., Kraus, I., Perrin, J.: A prospective 4-year follow-up study of attention-deficit hyperactivity and related disorders. Archives of General Psychiatry 53, 437–446 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 11.van Leeuwen, T.H., Steinhausen, H.C., Overtoom, C.C., Pascual-Marqui, R.D., van’t Klooster, B., Rothenberger, A., Sergeant, J.A., Brandeis, D.: The continuous performance test revisited with neuroelectric mapping: Impaired orienting in children with attention deficits. Behavioural Brain Research 94, 97–110 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 14.Doehnert, M., Brandeis, D., Imhof, K., Drechsler, R., Steinhausen, H.-C.: Mapping Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder from Childhood to Adolescence—No Neurophysiologic Evidence for a Developmental Lag of Attention but Some for Inhibition. Society of Biological Psychiatry 67, 608–616 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 19.Ofcom: International Communications Market Report (2013), http://stakeholders.ofcom.org.uk/binaries/research/cmr/cmr13/UK_4.pdf (accessed February 5, 2014)