It Takes Two: Momentary Co-occurrence of Affective States during Computerized Learning

  • Nigel Bosch
  • Sidney D’Mello
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 8474)


We investigated the incidence of momentary co-occurrence of affective states in a computerized learning environment. Novice students (N = 99) used a learning environment designed to teach the basics of computer programming. Only 46 of these students reported a sufficient number of co-occurring affective states for statistical modeling. Two co-occurring pairs of affective states occurred at rates higher than chance: Confusion/Uncertainty + Frustration and Curiosity + Flow/Engagement. We found that the co-occurrence of Curiosity + Flow/Engagement was related to success and fewer errors when testing code as well as the use of available hints and overall performance.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nigel Bosch
    • 1
  • Sidney D’Mello
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Departments of Computer ScienceUniversity of Notre DameUSA
  2. 2.PsychologyUniversity of Notre DameUSA

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