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Delay Tolerant Networks for Disaster Scenarios

  • Andreea-Cristina Petre
  • Cristian Chilipirea
  • Ciprian Dobre
Part of the Modeling and Optimization in Science and Technologies book series (MOST, volume 3)

Abstract

Disaster and emergency management refers to a range of activities designed to maintain control over crisis situations, providing the rescue and assistance equipment with a framework for helping victims and reducing its impact. The range of activities include prevention, advance warning, early detection, analysis of the problem and assessment of scope, notification of the public and appropriate authorities, mobilization of a response, containment of damage, and relief and medical care for those affected. One of the challenges in emergency scenarios is the fact that communications can be interrupted, cutting the information flow. This lack of communication infrastructure makes an appropriate response to the disaster more challenging, and leads to reduced quality of services experienced by vulnerable civilians. As an example, emergency scenarios with big agglomerations of people or traffic jams following accidents demand a unified communication infrastructure to optimize the response and decision making. This can be overcome using self-configured wireless networks, because they do not require any pre-existing infrastructure to be established, and are easy to deploy and fast to operate.  The continuous use of modern smartphones facilitates the accessibility to wireless technologies. However, when incorporating mobile smartphones into disaster assisting networks, the biggest challenge is that such wireless networks need to be specifically designed and used for supporting victims, people and assistance equipment in crisis scenarios. Because of this, in future mobile networks designed for disaster management, there is a need for new architectures and protocols, capable to adapt existing and available wireless technologies for smart data capturing and decision making. This chapter analyses specific challenges and requirements related to supporting communication in such challenged situations. We present an extensive analysis of networking solutions designed to support situations such the ones described.

Keywords

Disaster Scenario Networking Delay Tolerant Networks Mobile Devices Communication and mobility support 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andreea-Cristina Petre
    • 1
  • Cristian Chilipirea
    • 1
  • Ciprian Dobre
    • 1
  1. 1.Computer Science DepartmentUniversity Politehnica of BucharestBucharestRomania

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