Augmented Reality Art pp 61-79
Beyond the Virtual Public Square: Ubiquitous Computing and the New Politics of Well-Being
In this chapter Gregory Ulmer theorizes augmented reality, and ubiquitous computing in general, while John Craig Freeman presents examples of his work in place-based augmented reality public art and describes the work within the framework of electracy (the digital apparatus). Apparatus theory correlates technological innovations with the corresponding inventions in institutional practices, including individual and collective identity behaviours. Ulmer and Freeman, working with an electrate consultancy–the EmerAgency–test an augmented deliberative design rhetoric intended to overcome individual alienation from collective agency. It is an electrate equivalent of the ancient Theoria, a community practice in which a team of trusted citizens travelled to sites of events to sort out fact from rumour. Results of this theory tourism were reported in the public square and certified as truth. Theoria, augmented by literacy, became journalism–the fourth estate of a democratic society. The konsult practice described in this essay updates Theoria for a fifth estate with a new function supporting collective well-being, in the global experience of a potentially ubiquitous public square.
- Bataille G. The accursed share: consumption. Trans. Hurley R. New York: Zone Books; 1991.Google Scholar
- Bateson G. Mind and nature: a necessary unity. New York: Hampton Press; 2002.Google Scholar
- Baudelaire C. Correspondences. In: Henri D, editor. Symbolist art theories: a critical anthology. Los Angeles/Berkeley: University of California Press; 1994.Google Scholar
- Benjamin W. The arcades project. Trans. Eiland H and McLaughlin K. Cambridge: Harvard University; 1999.Google Scholar
- Debord G. The society of the spectacle. Trans. Nicholson-Smith D. Cambridge: MIT Press; 1994.Google Scholar
- Deleuze G, Guattari F. What is philosophy? London: Verso; 1994.Google Scholar
- Derrida J. Of grammatology. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press; 1998.Google Scholar
- Falcon A. Aristotle on causality. In: Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy. http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/win2012/entries/aristotle-causality/ (2012). Accessed 15 July 2013.
- Freud S. Three case histories: the “wolf man”, the “rat man”, and the psychotic doctor Schreber. New York: Macmillan; 1963.Google Scholar
- Heidegger M. Introduction to metaphysics. Trans. Fried G. New Haven: Yale University Press; 2000.Google Scholar
- Holmer R. The Aztec book of destiny. North Charleston: BookSurge; 2005.Google Scholar
- James C. Little low heavens. Poetry Magazine, September, 2008Google Scholar
- Jauss H. Toward an aesthetic of reception. Trans. Bahti T. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press; 1982.Google Scholar
- Kant I. Critique of judgment. Trans. Bernard JH. New York: Hafner Publishing; 1951.Google Scholar
- Lefebvre H. The production of space. Trans. Nicholson-Smith D. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell; 1992.Google Scholar
- Pamuk O. Snow. Trans. Freely M. New York: Vintage; 2005.Google Scholar
- Plato. Timaeus. Trans. Jowett B. In: The internet classics archive. http://classics.mit.edu/Plato/timaeus.html (2006a). Accessed 15 July 2013.
- Plato. Euthyphro. Trans. Jowett B. In: The internet classics archive. http://classics.mit.edu/Plato/euthyfro.html (2006b). Accessed 17 July 2013.
- Proust M. Remembrance of things past, vol. 2. London: Wordsworth Editions; 2006.Google Scholar
- Sartre J-P. Nausea. Trans. Alexander L. New York: New Directions; 2013.Google Scholar
- Šatskih AS. Vitebsk: the life of art. Trans. Tsan AS. Ann Arbor: Edward Brothers; 2001.Google Scholar
- Thoreau HD. Walden. Boston: Shambbala Publications Inc; 1992.Google Scholar
- Ulmer G. Internet invention: from literacy to electracy. New York: Longman; 2003.Google Scholar
- Virilio P. Open sky. Trans. Rose J. London/New York: New Left Books; 1997.Google Scholar