Basic Echocardiography in Dilated Cardiomyopathy

  • Elena AbateEmail author
  • Bruno Pinamonti
  • Andrea Porto


Basic echocardiography plays an important role in determining the diagnosis and evaluating the severity of dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). It also provides valuable data regarding prognosis and helps in guiding treatment. The main echocardiographic features of DCM are left ventricular (LV) dilation and systolic dysfunction. Other characteristics are LV diastolic dysfunction with elevated LV filling pressure, LV dyssynchrony, functional mitral and tricuspid regurgitation, right ventricular dysfunction, atrial dilatation, and secondary pulmonary hypertension. All echocardiographic data are pivotal at diagnosis but also during follow-up in order to recognize disease progression and treatment effects.


Mitral Regurgitation Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy Leave Atrial Coronary Flow Reserve Leave Ventricular Diastolic Dysfunction 
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of CardiologyUniversity Hospital of TriesteTriesteItaly

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