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Restrictive Cardiomyopathy: Clinical Assessment and Imaging in Diagnosis and Patient Management

  • Marco MerloEmail author
  • Elena Abate
  • Bruno Pinamonti
  • Giancarlo Vitrella
  • Enrico Fabris
  • Francesco Negri
  • Francesca Brun
  • Manuel Belgrano
  • Rossana Bussani
  • Gianfranco Sinagra
Chapter

Abstract

The main difference between restrictive cardiomyopathy (RCM) and the other cardiomyopathies (CMP) is that its diagnosis and definition depend on functional rather than morphologic criteria. All causes of diastolic dysfunction are included in the differential diagnosis of RCM, in particular, infiltrative/storage CMP and constrictive pericarditis (CP). The recognition of CP is clinically important, as it is potentially curable with surgery, whereas RCM has no specific therapy. Rare forms characterized by endomyocardial involvement with severe fibrosis, with or without eosinophilic infiltration, are included within the spectrum of RCM disease. It must be noted that, although RCM is the least common CMP and extremely rarely encountered in clinical practice, its diagnosis must be an exclusion diagnosis, and it is important to exclude all the other causes of restrictive filling in order to manage these patients with the most appropriate and possibly specific therapy.

Keywords

Left Ventricle Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Late Gadolinium Enhancement Left Atrial Tissue Doppler Imaging 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marco Merlo
    • 1
    Email author
  • Elena Abate
    • 1
  • Bruno Pinamonti
    • 1
  • Giancarlo Vitrella
    • 1
  • Enrico Fabris
    • 1
  • Francesco Negri
    • 1
  • Francesca Brun
    • 1
  • Manuel Belgrano
    • 2
  • Rossana Bussani
    • 3
  • Gianfranco Sinagra
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of CardiologyUniversity Hospital of TriesteTriesteItaly
  2. 2.Radiology UnitUniversity Hospital of TriesteTriesteItaly
  3. 3.Department of Pathology and Morbid AnatomyUniversity Hospital of TriesteTriesteItaly

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