Results-Based Financing and Its Potential Role in Advancing the Nexus Approach

  • Mario SuardiEmail author
  • Mathew Kurian


The need to improve the effectiveness of development financing provided by multilateral and bilateral development institutions led to the design and adoption of some results-oriented financing tools that aim to incentivize the delivery and sustainability of the pursued results (outputs and outcomes) that serve long-term objectives.


Aquifer sustainability Cash on delivery Conditional cash transfer Free rider Independent verification agent Integrated water resources management Nexus approach Output-based aid Output-based disbursements Payments for environmental services Results-based financing Water footprint 


  1. ESMAP. (2013). Results based financing in the energy sector, an analytical guide. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  2. Hoff H (2011). Understanding the nexus. Background paper for the Bonn 2011 Conference: The Water, Energy and Food Security Nexus. Stockholm: Stockholm Environment Institute.Google Scholar
  3. OPCS Results Secretariat—World Bank (2007). Results terminology. Retrieved January 18, 2013, from

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.International Development ConsultantMiami BeachUSA
  2. 2.Institute for Integrated Management of Material Fluxes and of ResourcesUnited Nations UniversityDresdenGermany

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