Introduction to Clinical Research Concepts, Essential Characteristics of Clinical Research, Overview of Clinical Research Study Designs

  • Stephen P. GlasserEmail author


This chapter addresses some of the central concepts related to clinical research such as sampling, hypothesis generation, and what is meant by the strength of scientific evidence. We also begin to discuss the different clinical research designs along with their respective strengths and weaknesses.


Sampling Hypothesis Prospective and retrospective cohort design Case-control design Case cohort design Cross-sectional design Type I and type II error 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Preventive MedicineUniversity of Alabama at BirminghamBirminghamUSA

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